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Oggetto Discussione: Aprire un’attivita’ in MD, aspetti legali (Discussione Bloccata Discussione Bloccata) Posta RispostaInserisci Nuova Discussione
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Legal aspects

Guarantees

According to the Law on Foreign Investment, the most important guarantees for foreign investors active in Moldova include the following:

Foreign investment can not be expropriated, nationalised or influenced in similar ways other than through a law or based on a law and only with the scope of securing national interest, the corresponding compensation being provided.

The affected investor has the right to require verification of the expropriation legislation, as well as the accuracy of the compensation amount.

Activity of the enterprise with foreign investment cannot be interrupted by force, but only based on the decision of the Government of the Republic of Moldova or a judicial instance in the case in which the enterprise has broken legislation in force.

After the payment of taxes, fees and other obligatory contributions, foreign investors are guaranteed the right to transfer abroad money in foreign currency obtained from the investment.

Investors also have the right to remove abroad the products of the internal market without payment of taxes or fees and any special authorisation as long as it does not contravene legislation in force.

In the case of new legislation which changes conditions for enterprises with foreign investment, the enterprise has the right to continue acting according to the legislation that was in force at the moment of establishment of the enterprise, for ten years after the new legislation comes into force.


Incentives

Foreign investors are also offered a number of special investment incentives:

Investors are eligible for 50% exemption of their profit tax for five years if;-

- the enterprise has foreign capital;
- the foreign corporate capital has been fully paid;
- the first profit has been declared;
- the foreign investor’s equity capital exceeds $250,000, and
- more than 50% of the enterprise’s income is derived from the sale of its own goods and services.


Free Economic Zones

Free economic zones (FEZ) are part of customs territory of the Republic of Moldova, separated from the economic point of view, strictly bounded on the entire area, where some kinds of entrepreneurial activities are allowed on preferential conditions to local and foreign investors.
The following types of entrepreneurial activities may be fulfilled in a free economic zone:
1. Industrial production of goods for export;
2. Assorting, packing, marking and other similar operations with goods conveyed through customs of the Republic of Moldova;
3. Other auxiliary types of activities, such as utility services, warehousing, construction, public alimentation and other activities necessary to fulfil the activities indicated in sections 1 and 2.
Industrial production will be the priority type of activity.

At present there are 6 FEZ in the Republic of Moldova. "Expo-Business-Chisinau" established in 1995 in Chisinau, :”Ungeni” –free economic zone, "Tvarditsa", "Otaci-Business" production park, "Valkanesh" production park and “Taraclia" production park.

The legislation provides incentives, guarantees and privileges for businesses established in FEZ. FEZ residents enjoy exclusive customs and tax regime. In particular, they are exempted from payment of custom tax for:
- goods and items imported in the FEZ for ultimate consumption;
- FEZ - origin goods exported to the customs territory of the Republic of Moldova;
- goods produced in FEZ exported outside the customs territory of the Republic of Moldova;
- the goods exported via FEZ outside the customs territory of the Republic of Moldova, irrespective of their country of origin.

FEZ resident enterprises with foreign ownership pay 12.6% profit tax. Goods and services manufactured and rendered in the FEZ are exempted from the VAT payment, and FEZ residents who invest at least USD 250,000 gain a profit tax holiday for a period of 5 years. Investors into the FEZ are protected from changes in the legislation that would negatively affect customs and tax regime by retaining the protection of all legislation for 10 years from the enactment of the new law (s).


Intellectual properties

An important factor for foreign investors is intellectual property protection. The National Agency on Protecting Intellectual Property is responsible for co-ordinating this national policy.

The Republic of Moldova is a member:
- World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO);
- Paris Convention on Know/How protection;
- Madrid Agreement on Trade Mark Registration;
- Hague Agreement on International depository of Industrial Designs;
- Agreement on Protection of the Olympic symbols signed in Nairobi.

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Business establishment

Office renting

Office space is readily available in Chisinau in a variety of forms. Companies may find offices through advertisements in newspapers, real estate agencies, and electronic media. Many hotels, business-centres and real estate agencies in Chisinau provide offices for rent. The office conditions (telephone lines, non-centralised heating systems, air conditioning, wiring for communications via satellite, security and safety systems, parking lots, cafeteria, drug store, etc.) are very different. Apartments are widely used as offices. Such buildings are usually refurbished and provide adequate conditions. Rent are about 18-25 US$ per square meter. If you prefer to buy, prices depend on area, condition and location.

Ground floor apartments have also been widely used as offices, especially in downtown Chisinau. These are usually refurbished and provide better conditions. Small or medium-sized firms usually prefer to open an office in such buildings.

Most hotels in Chisinau also provide office space for rental (Chisinau, International, Jolly Alon, Turist and others).

High-rise buildings offer another distinctive Class A type of office space in Chisinau. CTI-Capital Business Centre, also known as the Kentford Building, is an example. It can be custom designed to fit the taste of individual tenants. The typical amenities in such a building are air conditioning, heating independent of the centralised city supply, backup electric generators, telephone lines, wiring for communications via satellite, security and safety systems, parking lots, cafeteria, drug store and even a beauty parlour. Charges are between 15 and 20 US$ per sq.meter per month. Phone lines and utilities are paid separately.

Typical Class B accommodation include the Petrolbank building and QBE Asito building in downtown Chisinau. The offices meet Western standards and expctations. The cost is about 18 US$ per sq.meter per month in the QBE Asito building. QBE Asito hosts the US Agency for International Development, the Ericsson representation and part of the US Embassy.


Business costs

Equipment
Moldova has many furniture factories producing a wide range of mostly wooden furniture. Most specialise in home and kitchen furniture, but many of them also make office furniture. Imported office furniture is also available, mainly from Italy, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Some shops in Chisinau offer tailor-built furniture using imported raw materials and Western designs.

Furniture prices cost about the following: chairs $20-70; leather armchairs $150-460; desks $50-220; bookshelves $70-310; and filing cabinets $310-350.


Labour
A wide range of skilled and semiskilled people are available for work in Moldova. Employees may be recruited through advertisements in the press or through local recruitment agencies. Foreign companies already working in Moldova may also help.

The labour market is free, based on supply and demand. Pay in private companies depends on qualifications, nature and amount of work, and other factors. Salaries range from 100 to 1,000 US$ per month, although some specialised work may be better paid.

Unofficial estimates say that some 600,000 Moldavians work abroad in Western Europe or in Russia. Most Moldovans speak a third language (in addition to Russian and Romanian) usually French or English. Many also learn other European languages, notably German and Italian.

The Labour Code sets the working period at 40 hours per week with two days off. Generally, the minimum working age is 16 years. However, there are exceptions allowing youths to start working at 14 years. The retiring age for 2003 is set at 62 years for men and 57 years for women.

The Moldovan legislation on the minimum monthly salary is not clear. However, an agreement signed between the Government and trade unions sets the minimum monthly salary for private enterprises at 360 lei (USD 25) as of July 1, 2003 and for budgetary institutions of social destinations is at the level of 160 lei (USD 11).

Foreign companies in Moldova usually pay above the average. According to a recruitment agency in Chisinau the entry level salaries in such companies are about 100 US$. By law, salaries must be paid in Moldovan currency, the Leu (plural Lei). Foreign companies often set salaries in US dollars and then pay in Moldovan lei at the exchange rate of the day. Salaries are mostly paid in cash, but the VISA and EuroPay/MasterCard payment systems have increased the number of Moldovans able to receive money on account.

A recent survey of average net monthly salaries paid by foreign companies showed the following:

IT manager USD 300
Technical Manager USD 350
Chief Accountant USD 450
Sales & Marketing Manager USD 500
Human Resources Manager USD 285
IT Engineer USD 300
Telecommunications Engineer USD 335
Sales Manager USD 410
Marketing Manager USD 425


Production costs

Index  
Nominal salary growth 27,3% (2002) as compared to previous year
Average monthly salary 51 USD (according to statistical data)
VAT 20%
Income tax – highest bracket For legal persons: 20% from the taxable income
For physical persons:
a tax on 10% from the annual taxable income up to 12180 MDL (878 USD)
a tax on 15% from the annual taxable income excess of 12180 MDL (878 USD) and up to 16200 MDL (1167,8 USD)
a tax on 25% of the taxable income in excess 16200 MDL (1167,8 USD)
The income tax base for physical and legal persons includes gross income (including wage and salary income), fringe benefits, rent, royalty, interest, and capital gains.
Office buy/rent prices Rent - 3-18 USD/m2 ; Buy – 7,000 – 50,000 USD
Water charges – for industrial use/for household use Household use – 2,62 MDL (0,19 USD)/m3; Industrial use – 11,3 MDL (0,814 USD)/m3 + 3,60 lei (0,26 USD)/1 m of sewerage pipes.
Telephone installation charges 980 MDL (70,64 USD)
Telephone transfer charges Internal - 50 MDL (3,6 USD); external – 100 MDL (7,2 USD)
International phone call charges Romania - 3,20 MDL (0,23 USD)/min; Europe - 8,5 MDL (0,61 USD)/min; USA – 17 MDL (1,22 USD)/min; Australia, Africa - 25 MDL (1,8 USD) /min
Electricity prices – for industrial use/for households 0.68 lei (0.049 USD)/kW + VAT
0.65 lei (0.047 USD)/kW + VAT


Registration

According to the Moldovan legislation, a foreign company may be registered as one of the following entities:
  • sole proprietorship
  • general partnership
  • limited partnership
  • limited liability company
  • joint stock company
  • co-operative
  • leasehold enterprise
  • state or municipal enterprise

The new company must be registered with a local branch of the Registration Chamber of the Department of Information Technology. In order to get registered, the company must provide the following documents:

  • articles of incorporation
  • charter of the company
  • minutes of the meeting of incorporation
  • approval of the company’s name from the Terminology Centre
  • a bank certificate verifying existence of minimum charter capital
  • proof for legal address, which is usually the rent contract
  • code for the area of activity from the Statistics Department
  • fiscal code from the local Fiscal Inspectorate

Foreign investments exceeding 5 million USD must be approved by the Anti-Monopoly and Competition Department of the Ministry of Economy. Usually foreigners are to register their documents of incorporation with their embassies.

The registration fees are:
 -  Registration fee of 300 USD in case of the participation of foreign capital
 -  Stamp tax of 0,5% of the authorized capital stock.

The Chamber of Registration will approve the registration within 15 working days from the day of presenting all the documents. The Law obliges all non-residents to be registered within the local police section in order to get work permission from the Migration Department the temporary residence permit from the Department of Informational Technologies.

The minimum capital of a society is 5,400 Lei (about 410 USD) equivalent in Dollars for a JSC, out of which 40% is deposited on registration and the balance within one year.

The joint stock companies of closed type minimal capital should be of 10,000 Lei MD and the joint stock companies of open type minimal capital should be of 20,000 Lei MD, for foreign citizens the equivalent in US$.
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Taxation

There are 10 national and 18 local taxes and dues, which form the basis of the tax system of the Republic of Moldova.
The following taxes yield the largest share of revenues:
1. Enterprise Profits Tax (corporation tax)
2. Value Added Tax (sales tax)
3. Excise Tax (consumption tax)
4. Banking Income and Insurance Business Tax
5. Customs duties and Taxes
6. Real estate/Land Tax
7. Motorway User Tax
8. Private Property Tax
9. Personal Income Tax

Republican taxes  
Income tax a) For legal persons: the base rate is 20% from the taxable income, effective January 1, 2004 (down from 32% in 1998; 28% in 2000; 25% in 2002 and 22 in 2003)

b) For physical persons:
- a tax on 10% from the annual taxable income up to 12180 Lei
- a tax on 15% from the annual taxable income excess of 12180 Lei and up to 16200 Lei
- a tax on 25% of the taxable income in excess 16200 Lei
The income tax base for physical and legal persons includes gross income (including wage and salary income), fringe benefits, rent, royalty, interest, and capital gains.

Value Added Tax (VAT) 20% 8% 5% and 0% - it depends of product category

Excise Tax There are three excise tax levels: 5%-10%-25%

The following goods are exempt from the Excise Tax:
- Goods produced in Moldova and exported abroad,
- Pure alcohol, produced in Moldova as well imported, for use in health care, including pharmacology and veterinary medicine.
- When raw wine, alcohol and tobacco are sold as raw materials by their producers to moldovan economic entities for production of other goods subject to excise, only the ultimate product is taxed.

Custom Duties The maximum customs tariff is 15%. In addition there is a smaller administrative customs charge of 0,25% on the total value of imported goods charged by customs controls, but not more than 900 USD.

In addition, a “special import duty” of 5% has been introduced for all imported goods exceptions include fuel oil, electric power, derrick gas, and other gas hydrocarbons).

Other taxes -  Privatisation Tax: Currently, the privatisation tax is fixed at 1% of the value of the purchased state assets. This tax will gradually disappear with the completion of the privatisation process.

-  Road fund fee: For a foreigner the fee for the right to use the roads of Moldova varies according to the type and the capacity of vehicles. The rates vary from $ 1to $ 40 for crossing the border and from $0,05 to $0,25 per kilometre, one way only.

-  Local level taxes, including: the land tax, real estate tax, natural resource tax, tax on right to sell in the customs zone, passenger tax, territorial development tax, auctions and lottery tax, hotel tax, publicity tax, local symbol tax, trade tax, market fee, parking fee, resort fee, dog fee, filming fee, border crossing fee.



Accounting and Auditing


Accounting

The Republic of Moldova is ahead of other NIS in the development of accounting and auditing. Through the Association of Professional Accountants and Audits of the Republic of Moldova (ACAP RM), Moldova became the first country-associate member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC).

The legislation governing the accounting system of the Republic of Moldova came into force on 1 January 1998 according to the Decision on Accounting Reform. The system is based on International Accounting Standards (IAS) and covers all economic agents (including foreign companies) which are active as entrepreneurs and are registered in Moldova. Foreign companies are obliged to use the accounting methods and to submit the same financial statements as Moldovan companies.

The current accounting system allows to organise accounting according to the methodology accepted by the international practice.

Thus, at the present time, the legal accounting framework of the RM consists of the following elements:
- Law on accounting
- National Accounting Standards
- Charts of accounts.
- Comments on NAS.
- Instructions and letters of the Ministry of Finance.

Auditing

As part of its transition, Moldova has recognised the importance of transparent and reliable audits of public and private economic activities, for better information of all stakeholders in an enterprise.

The legislative and normative framework of the current auditing system includes:
- The Law on the Auditing Activity No.729-XIII of 15 February 1996
- Regulations on licensing activity approved by the Ministry of Finance on 15 September 1996.

By law, auditing may only be carried out by an auditing organisation holding a license issued by the Department for License Issue.

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COST OF DOING BUSINESS IN MOLDOVA

 

---------------------------------

Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..................8

INTRODUCTION ..............................12

METHODOLOGY.............................13

SURVEYED ENTERPRISES ...........15

I. REGISTRATION PROCEDURE18

1.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT ...18

Registration.................................18

Post-registration procedures......22

1.2. DURATION OF REGISTRATION PROCEDURES (FINDINGS) ............................................................ ...............................23

1.3. REGISTRATION PROCEDURES COST (FINDINGS) ............................................................ .............................................25

1.4. REGISTRATION PROCEDURES PERCEPTION ............................................................ ....................................................28

1.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................31

II. PREMISES: REGULATIONS FOR THEIR USE......................................................... ...........................................33

2.1. MANDATORY ENVIRONMENT ....33

2.2. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT TYPES OF PREMISES ............................................................ ....................................35

2.3. PERMITS FOR PREMISES CONSTRUCTION AND THEIR INSPECTION ............................................................ .................35

2.4. PERMITS FOR PREMISES RENOVATION ............................................................ ...........................................................3 7

2.5. PERMITS TO RE-EQUIP THE PREMISES ............................................................ ............................................................ 38

2.6. PERMITS FOR PREMISES UTILIZATION WHICH WERE NOT RENOVATED OR RE-EQUIPPED...........................................39

2.7. MANDATORY FRAMEWORK PERCEPTION FOR PREMISES USE ............................................................ ........................39

2.8. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................40

III. LICENSING .................................43

3.1. LICENSING REGULATION...........43

3.2. NUMBER OF LICENSES ...............43

3.3. LICENSING COSTS......................44

3.4. PERCEPTION OF THE SITUATION IN THE AREA OF LICENSING OVER THE LAST THREE YEARS ....................................46

3.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................47

IV. IMPORT-EXPORT ACTIVITIES ............................................................ ............................................................ ....49

4.1. IMPORT-EXPORT REGULATION..49

4.2. IMPORT TRANSACTION...............51

4.2.1. Costs related to imports certification............................................... ............................................................ ....51

4.2.2 Customs Costs....................53

4.2.4. Perception of import 53

4.3. EXPORT TRANSACTION..............54

4.3.1. Customs costs....................55

4.3.2. Assessment of export 55

4.4. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................57

V. EQUIPMENT.................................59

5.1. GENERAL INFORMATION ...........59

5.2. CERTIFICATION COSTS TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE WITH MOLDOVAN STANDARDS ..................................................59

5.3. OTHER EQUIPMENT PERMITS .....60

5.4. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................61

VI. REGULATION OF GOODS AND SERVICES.................................................... ...................................................62

6.1. CERTIFICATION OF GOODS AND SERVICES ENVIRONMENT ............................................................ ...........................62

6.2. HYGIENIC CERTIFICATION ENVIRONMENT......................... ............................................................ ...........................62

6.3. CERTIFICATION OF GOODS AND SERVICES......................... ............................................................ ...........................62

6.4. HYGIENIC CERTIFICATION.........64

ProEra Grup

6.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................65

VII. TAX ADMINISTRATION........69

7.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT ...69

7.2. NUMBER OF TAXES AND PAPER WORK ............................................................ ...........................................................6 9

7.3. PRINCIPAL TAXATION PROBLEMS ............................................................ ............................................................ .....70

7.4. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................72

VIII. INSPECTIONS..........................73

8.1. GENERAL INFORMATION ...........73

8.2. NUMBER AND DURATION OF INSPECTIONS. ............................................................ ..................................................73

8.3. INSPECTION COSTS.....................76

8.4. FREQUENCY OF INSPECTIONS COMPARED WITH LAST YEAR ............................................................ ..........................79

8.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................80

IX. PRICING CONTROLS...............83

9.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT ...83

9.2. THE EXTENT OF PRICING CONTROLS ............................................................ ............................................................ 84

9.3. PERCEPTION OF PRICING CONTROL METHODS ............................................................ ...............................................86

9.4. STATE AGENCIES AUTHORIZED TO CONTROL PRICES OF GOODS AND SERVICES........................................................87

9.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ................87

X. LABOR REGULATIONS ............88

10.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT .88

10.2. AVAILABILITY OF LABOR RESOURCES ............................................................ .........................................................88

10.3. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ..............90

XI. CONTRACT EXECUTION .......91

11.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT .91

11.2. STATE CONTROL OVER THE CONCLUSION AND EXECUTION OF CONTRACTS ...........................................................9 1

11.3. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ..............92

XII. PROMOTION OF PERSONAL INTERESTS OF PUBLIC SERVANTS .........................................................93

XIII. EVALUATION OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM...................................................... ..................................................94

13.1. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT .94

13.2. EFFECTIVENESS OF CONFLICT SOLVING METHODS ............................................................ ......................................94

13.3. EVALUATION OF THE COURTS SERVICES ............................................................ ....................................................96

13.4. LEGAL ASSISTANCE .................98

13.5. ANALYSIS SUMMARY ............100

CONCLUSIONS...............................101

COST OF DOING BUSINESS IN MOLDOVA

- Survey by BizPro - in PDF format (9/04)

2005-05-11_234203_BIZMD.pdf  (565 KB)

 

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OPENING AN OFFICE IN CHISINAU, MOLDOVA

 

Source: Iulian Bogasieru, Bisnis Representative, Chisinau                     November 2004

 

************************************************************ **

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, 2004. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES

************************************************************ **

 

INTRODUCTION

 

This report summarizes the key issues of opening an office in Chisinau, the capital city of Moldova.  It consists of the following sections:

 

Ø      Legal Aspects Of Business Registration And Licensing

Ø      Office Space Rental

Ø      Labor Market

Ø      Equipping The Office

Ø      Furniture

Ø      Telecommunications

Ø      Internet

Ø      Courier Services

Ø      Printing

Ø      Advertising

Ø      Chauffeur Service And Car Rentals

Ø      Banking

 

All prices and fees provided in the report are listed as of the date of interviews and research performed in October and November 2004.

 

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Ø      Legal Aspects Of Business Registration And Licensing

Every company must be registered with Moldova’s official authorities or risk confiscation of income.  The activity and registration of companies in the Republic of Moldova are regulated by the following main acts: the Civil Code, the Law on Enterprises and Entrepreneurship, the Law on Joint-Stock Companies, the Law on Registration of Enterprises and Organizations, Governmental Decision on Economic Societies #500 of 09/10/91 and Governmental Decision #926 of 07/12/2002.  With the entry into effect of the Law on Investment in Entrepreneurial Activity in April 2004, the same legal requirements are applicable to both local and foreign businesses operating in Moldova.  This translated into similar registration procedures and non-discriminatory registration fees applied starting October 1, 2004.  Earlier, the Government has taken measures to streamline the business registration procedure and turn it into a “one-window” stop.

 

According to the Moldovan legislation, a foreign company may be registered as one of the following entities:

·        sole proprietorship

·        general partnership

·        limited partnership

·        limited liability company

·        joint stock company

·        cooperative

 

According to the State Registration Chamber, limited liability company and joint-stock company are the most popular forms of legal registration among foreign businesses operating in Moldova.

The new company must be registered with a local branch of the State Registration Chamber of the Moldovan Department of Informational Technologies.  For purposes of registration, a foreign company must provide the following documents:

·        application for registration;

·        resolution of establishment of the local company (indicates the senior manager and person authorized to sign constitutive documents);

·        constitutive documents (articles of incorporation, charter, etc.);

·        excerpt from the commercial register of the foreign company’s home country;

·        copy of the registration certificate of the foreign company;

·        copy of the founders’ articles of incorporation if any;

·        reference letter issued by the bank servicing the foreign company;

 

Foreign citizens, who will be founders of the new company or will be acting as senior managers, will also have to provide a copy of their foreign passport and registration paper issued by the local police station.

 

A U.S. company will also have to notarize and legalize copies of its constitutive documents with the Consular Office of the Moldovan Embassy in Washington D.C. and translate them into Romanian.

 

In addition, companies pay a stamp tax of 0.5 percent of the charter capital and a state registration fee of 250 Moldovan lei (approximately USD 20).  The 0.5-percent stamp tax is not payable if the business is registered as a joint-stock company.  Upon the receipt of the registration certificate the founders will also have to provide proof of payment of the share capital.  The Registration Chamber will approve the registration within 15 days or within three days if urgent.  For additional fees, the State Registration Chamber will draft all constitutive documents and issue the company’s stamp.

 

Moldovan legislation establishes the following amount of the minimum share capital:

·        limited liability company 5,400 Moldovan lei (roughly USD 400);

·        open joint-stock company 20,000 Moldovan lei (roughly USD 1,500);

·        closed joint-stock company 10,000 Moldovan lei (roughly USD 700).

 

The law obliges non-Moldovan residents to register with the police within three days of entry into the country.  For periods of stay of more than 90 days, a non-Moldovan resident has to get an immigration permit from the Moldovan Migration Department and a temporary residence permit from the Informational Technologies Department.  Also, foreigners who work in Moldova will have to get a work permit from the Migration Department.  As a rule, the permits are issued for one year.  Founders, who invested at least USD 100,000 in a local company and foreign managers of such a company, may get an immigration permit and work permit for up to five years with an extension option.  Founders that invested at least USD 500,000 in a local company and foreign managers of such a company may receive a residence permit for up to five years, with an extension option.  Foreigners who register for permanent residence in Moldova may get residence permits for up to ten years.

 

After their registration, businesses have to get licenses for certain activities.  By Moldovan legislation, there are about 49 types of business activities that are subject to licensing.  With certain exceptions, licenses are issued for a period of five years upon payment of a fee of 1,800 Moldovan lei (roughly USD 130).  Moldova’s Licensing Chamber is the state authority that issues licenses.  According to the legislation, the Chamber makes a decision to issue a business license within 15 days, while the license itself is issued within three days upon payment of the license fee.

 

The Chamber licenses 37 business activities.  The other activities are licensed by the National Bank, National Energy Regulatory Agency, National Telecommunications and Informatics Regulatory Agency, Audiovisual Coordinating Board and local public authorities.

 

To get a license, a business must file an application and provide a notarized copy of the business registration certificate as well as additional documents the number and type of which will differ by business activity.

 

Aside from licenses, businesses may be required to obtain permits, approvals, authorizations and certificates, which will differ by business activity and product.  Such documents may cover, for example, with sanitary, environmental, fire security and safety compliance issues.

 

Below is the contact information for relevant governmental authorities:

 

MOLDOVAN STATE REGISTRATION CHAMBER (business registration)

Bd. Stefan cel Mare 73, Chisinau, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 27 73 18

Fax (373 22) 27 73 44

e-mail:cis_rm@mtc.md

www.registru.md

Chairman: Mr. Alexandru Ghiduleanov

Head of the Unit For Registration Of Companies With Foreign Capital: Ala Dragomir

 

LICENSING CHAMBER (business licensing)

Blvd. Stefan cel Mare 124, Chisinau MD 2001, Moldova

Tel./Fax (373 22) 54 21 14

Tel. (373 22) 27 23 36 – information line

Director: Ms. Zinaida Chistruga

 

DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES (residence permits)

Str. Pushkin 46, Chisinau MD, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 50 44 20/50 46 56

Tel. (373 22) 50 46 64/50 44 90 – information line

Fax (373 2) 22 80 20

www.registru.md

General Director: Mr. Vladimir Molojen

 

DEPARTMENT OF PRIVATIZATION

Str. Pushkin 26  Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel./fax: (373 22) 23 43 50

Email:privatization@dnt.md

www.privatization.md

Director:  Mr. Alexander Bannicov

 

DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS AND SOCIOLOGY

Sos. Hancesti 53, Chisinau MD 2028, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 73 37 74

Fax: (373 22) 22 61 46

E-mail:dass@moldova.md

www.statistica.md

Director: Mr. Vitalie Valcov

 

EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN WASHINGTON DC

2101 S Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20008 USA
Tel: (202) 667 1130/ 31/ 37
Fax: (202) 667 1204
Ambassador: Mr. Mihail Manoli

 

FISCAL INSPECTORATE

Str. Cosmonautilor 9

Chisinau MD 2005, Moldova

Tel.  (373 22) 22 06 93

Fax (373 22) 22 85 69

Chief: Mr. Mihai Pop

 

 DEPARTMENT OF MIGRATION (immigration permit and work permit)

Str. Stefan cel Mare 124

Chisinau MD 2005, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 54 46 06/54 46 03/54 46 04

Fax (373 22) 54 46 07

General Director: Ms. Olga Poalelungi

 

MOLDOVAN EXPORT PROMOTION ORGANIZATION (MEPO)

Str. Mateevici 65, Chisinau MD 2009, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 27 36 54

Fax: (373 22) 22 43 10

E-mail:mepo@mepo.net

www.mepo.net

www.mida.md

Acting General Director: Veaceslav Sterbet

Head of Foreign Investment Unit: Sergiu Ghetiu sghetiu@mepo.net

 

There are law firms that may assist companies with foreign capital in completing the registration procedure for a fee, which usually ranges from USD 250 to USD 3,000.  Acting on Power of Attorney, these firms may also assist in the licensing procedure.  Below is a list of firms that render such services:

 

AUDIT-EXACT

Bul. Stefan cel Mare  64 s, office 174

Chisinau MD 2001, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 27 04 04/ 27 24 45/ 27 77 78

Fax: (373 22) 27 24 45

E-mail:audit_exact@yahoo.com

Director: Mr. Dorin Moldovan

 

BRODSKY USKOV LOOPER REED

Str. 31 August 151

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 23 24

Fax (373 22) 23 51 86

E-mail:info@bulr.com

http://www.bulr.com

 

BSMB LEGAL COUNSELLORS

Str. Ismail 33, office 306

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 50 02 50

Fax (373 22) 50 02 51

E-mail: office@bsmb.md

http://www.bsmb.md

Director: Mr. Alexandru Bondarciuc

 

Buruiana and Partners

Str. Mitropolit Varlaam 65, Office 410

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova
Tel.: (373 22) 20 34 48

Fax: (373 22) 22 97 83

buruiana@buruiana.com

www.buruiana.com

Managing Partner: Mr. Mihail Buruiana

 

ERNST & YOUNG

Str. Banulescu-Bodoni 57/1

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 21 40 40

Fax (373 22) 21 40 44

www.ey.md

Email:Victoria.Jitnic@md.eyi.com

Manager: Ms. Victoria Jitnic

 

Graham & Levintsa

Str. Alexandru cel Bun 89

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

tel: (373 22) 24 40 76,

fax: (373 22) 24 40 63

www.levintsa.com

e-mail: attorney@law.net.md

Attorney Victor Levintsa

 

KPMG MOLDOVA

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 202, 9th floor

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 58 05 80

Fax: (373 22) 54 04 99

www.kpmg.md

Email: kpmg@kpmg.md

Parnter responsible for Moldova: Mr. John Lane

Audit Director: Ms. Nicoleta Rusu

 

Tuhari & Pavalachi

Str. Serghei Lazo 24

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 30 31

Fax (373 22) 23 31 28

Cell (373 79) 42 42 92 /(373 69) 10 42 92 / (373 69) 10 92 90

Advoc.tp@mail.ru

Director: Mr. Igor Tuhari

 

Turcan & Turcan

Str. Bucuresti 67

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 21 20 31/ 22 61 13

Fax (373 22) 22 38 06

Email: alexander.turcan@turcanlaw.md

www.turcanlaw.md

Director: MR. Alexandru Turcan

 

PRICE WATERHOUSE COOPERS

Str. M. Cibotari 37, 6th floor, Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova
Tel: (373 22) 23 46 22/23 46 20/23 81 22
Fax: (373 22) 23 81 20

E-mail: Dorin.dragutanu@ro.pwc.com

www.pwc.com/md

Country Manager: Mr. Dorin Dragutanu

 

ZINGAN

7 Miron Costin str., office 805

Chisinau MD 2068, Moldova

Tel (373 22) 44 42 19/43 87 13

Fax (372 22) 44 00 28

Director: Mr. Serghei Laur

 

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Ø      Office Space Rental

Office space is readily available in Moldova’s capital city, Chisinau, with rental fees ranging from USD 4 to USD 20 per square meter.  As a result of the economy’s downturn after the breakup of the Soviet Union, most companies are downsizing and provide office space for rent.  By certain accounts, 80 percent of the office space available in Chisinau comes from former state-managed enterprises.  However, these are old Soviet-type buildings that barely fit Western office standards.  These buildings need renovation and most often have no proper heating or access to telephone lines.  Prices for one square meter in such buildings will be in the lowest range, USD 2-5 per square meter.

 

Ordinary apartments in residential buildings have also been extensively used for offices, most notably in downtown Chisinau.  These are usually refurbished and provide better conditions.  Small or medium-sized firms usually prefer to open an office in such buildings.  Some firms buy old buildings in downtown Chisinau, do some renovation and then use them as offices.  This has also been the practice of many international organizations, including the World Bank.

 

Depending on the availability of free space, most hotels in Chisinau may also provide office space for rental (Chisinau, International, Jolly Alon, Codru, Dacia and Turist).  Jolly Alon stands out among the hotels offering office space for rental, including offices of Price Waterhouse Coopers.

 

New or renovated multistory buildings offer another distinctive group of office space available in Chisinau.  These have recently appeared on the commercial space market in Chisinau.  The availability of such office space will be growing in the next few years as new high-rise buildings are erected in downtown Chisinau.

 

Kentford Building is one example of such a high-rise building.  The office space in the Kentford Building can be custom designed to fit the taste of individual tenants.  The typical amenities in such a building are air conditioning, heating independent from the centralized city supply, backup electric generators, telephone lines, wiring for communications, security and safety systems, parking lots, cafeteria, drug store and even a beauty parlor.  Charges for one square meter of space is USD 15-16 per sq.m per month.  Phone lines and utilities are charged separetly.  Kentford Building accommodates the offices of KPMG-Moldova.  Good-quality office space is also available in buildings with fewer stories in downtown Chisinau.

 

Office space is also available in the EuroCreditBank building, QBE Asito building and IPTEH building in downtown Chisinau.    The cost of one square meter of space is between USD 16 and USD 18 per square meter in the QBE Asito building (utilities included, except for phone bills).  QBE Asito hosts the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Ericsson’s local representative and some of the public affairs programs of the U.S. Embassy.

 

Companies may find office space through announcements in newspapers, real estate agencies and announcements in electronic media.

 

Below is a list of relevant contacts for office renting in Chisinau:

 

AGO DACIA

Str. Sfatul Tarii 27

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 43 18

Tel. (373 22) 23 72 43

cell (373 79) 580 157

Director: Nicolae Vranceanu

 

CTI-CAPITAL  (Kentford Building and EuroCreditBank Building)

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 202.

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel.  (373 22) 22 77 43

Fax (373 22) 22 43 52

E-mail: ctiprint@ch.moldpac.md

Director General Alexandru Panov

 

GLEMUS-COM (real estate agency specialized in servicing foreigners)

Str. Kogalniceanu 26

Chisinau, Moldova

tel.: (37322) 27 12 80/20 19 36/ 20 19 37

fax: (37322) 20 19 38

e-mail: support@logisticsmoldova

www.lodging-moldova.com

Manager: Ghenadie Ieremei

 

IPTEH

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 65

Chisinau MD 2001, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 27 15 30

Fax (373 22) 27 24 14

Cell (691) 33 645

e-mail: ipteh@mdl.net

www.ipteh.md

President: Tudor Balitchi

 

LARA  (real estate agency)

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 64

Chisinau MD 2001, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 27 79 45/27 01 01/ 27 79 20/27 11 11

Fax (373 22) 27 53 58/ 27 54 54

www.lara.md

E-mail: bursalara@moldovacc.md

President Serghei Latsanovski

 

MEDIAS HEALTH CENTER (Accent Electronic)

Str. Bulgara 33/1

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 45 69

Fax (373 22) 23 74 06

E-mail:vimir@accent.md

www.accent.md

Manager: Valeri Imir

 

PRO ALFA SERVICE

Str. Alba Iulia 75

Chisinau MD 2051, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 75 38 83

Cell: (373 69) 10 34 85

Fax: (373 22) 74 78 04

Email: alfa@mdl.net

Director: Ilie Lifciu

 

QBE ASITO (ASITO Building)

Str. Mitropolit Banulescu Bodoni 57/1

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 23 48 1222 62 12

Fax: (373 22) 22 11 79

E-mail: asito@qbe-asito.com

www.qbe-asito.com

Director General: Eugen Slopac

Deputy Director:  Mihai Busuleac

 

RATMIR (real estate agency)

Str. Kiev 7

Chisinau MD 2068, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 49 21 39

Fax (373 22) 49 86 86

E-mail: imobil@ratmir.com

www.ratmir.com

Director Viorel Istrati

 

STEAUA GROUP CENTER

Str. Tighina 49, Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 22 66 04

Fax (373 22) 22 30 10

E-mail: steaua@moldtelecom.md

Director: Vadim Gugea

 

TIS Business Center

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 169

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel./fax (373 22) 74 52 16

Manager: Olga Mashchenko

 

TRIADA SRL (Real Estate Agency)

Str. Eminescu 60, Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 77 74/ 22 6 4 64/ 21 37 30

Fax (373 22) 22 56 59

www.triada.md

e-mail:info@triada.md

Director Valeriu Opinca

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Ø      Labor Market

As the capital city of Moldova, Chisinau is also the center for higher education.  The State University of Moldova, the Academy of Economic Studies, Free International University of Moldova, the Technical University, the Medical University and the Agrarian University are the most prominent higher educational institutions.  The breakup of the USSR has led to the emergence of private universities and colleges that offer undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate studies in economics, accounting, finance and marketing.  Many Moldovan students go to universities in neighboring Romania, which are typically thought to provide better education.  Also, Western universities like l’Ecole Superieure de Grenoble of France and Newport University of New Jersey, U.S.A. offer post-graduate programs in business administration in Chisinau.

 

Although unofficial estimates say that over 600,000 Moldovans work abroad in Western Europe or Russia, there is still a cadre of skilled personnel in Chisinau that can be employed by a western company.  Traditionally, French was the foreign language of choice for most Moldovans, however now the more popular language (especially with the younger generation) is becoming English.

 

The Labor Code sets the working period at 40 hours per week with a two-day weekend.  Generally, the minimum age for employment is 16 years.  However, there are exceptions allowing youth to start working at 15 years.  The retiring age is set at 62 years for men and 57 years for women.

 

As from February 1, 2004, Moldovan legislation requires a minimum salary of 440 Moldovan lei (USD 35) per month.   According to the latest official statistics, for the period of January to August 2004, the average monthly salary were 1,044 Moldovan lei (USD 86), an increase from the 2003 average monthly salary of MDL 892 (appr. USD 60).  The highest monthly salaries are paid in banking and finance (some USD 270) and lowest in agriculture and education (some USD 40).

 

Western companies operating in Moldova usually pay above the average and, according to a recruitment agency in Chisinau, average entry-level monthly salaries in such companies start at USD 150.  Under Moldovan law, salaries must be paid in Moldovan currency, the leu (plural lei). Foreign companies often determine salaries in US dollars and then pay in Moldovan lei at the exchange rate set by the National Bank.  Salaries are mostly paid in cash, however, the availability of VISA and EuroPay/MasterCard payment systems by some banks has increased the number of Moldovans willing to receive money on account.

 

Salaries paid by foreign companies vary, but the median net monthly salaries are as follows:

 

IT manager        USD 320

Technical Manager            USD 350

Chief Accountant        USD 500-580

Sales & Marketing Manager            USD 500

Human Resources Manager            USD 350-400

IT Engineer        USD 300

Telecommunications Engineer   USD 335

Sales Manager  USD 410

 

Companies may recruit personnel through advertisements in local media, local recruitment agencies or contacting foreign companies already present on the Moldovan market. 

 

There is only one recruitment agency listed below which practices Western-style recruitment activity.  Other companies usually charge those who are looking for a job, but not the employers.  Multinational companies or leading local companies will usually use the services of this company or will publish advertisements in newspapers.  Some of the international consulting firms and law firms may also assist companies in staffing an office.

 

BRODSKY USKOV LOOPER REED (law firm)

Str. 31 August 151

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 23 24

Fax (373 22) 23 51 86

E-mail:info@bulr.com

http://www.bulr.com

 

ERNST & YOUNG

Str. Banulescu-Bodoni 57/1

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 21 40 40

Fax (373 22) 21 40 44

www.ey.md

Email:Victoria.Jitnic@md.eyi.com

Manager: Ms. Victoria Jitnic

 

HR Consulting (recruitment agency)

180 Stefan cel Mare Str.

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel./fax: (373 22) 29 57 91

Email: post@search4staff.com

Fiodor.macari@search4staff.com

http://www.search4staff.com

Recruitment Manager Fiodor Macari

 

PRICE WATERHOUSE COOPERS

Str. M. Cibotari 37, 6th floor, Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova
Tel: (373 22) 23 46 22/23 46 20/23 81 22
Fax: (373 22) 23 81 20

E-mail: Dorin.dragutanu@ro.pwc.com

www.pwc.com/md

Country Manager: Mr. Dorin Dragutanu

 

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Ø      Equipping The Office

A wide variety of office equipment ranging from electronic organizers to copiers and phone stations is available from vendors in Chisinau.  A company may purchase Western brand computers or locally assembled computers, which are usually cheaper.  IBM, Hewlett Packard or Dell are available from official dealers in Chisinau: Accent Electronic, S&T Mold, Master and Daac Sistem.  Provided items are in stock, delivery will take at most one day.  Otherwise, it could take up to one month or more to get the desired computers to a client in Moldova.  Official dealers usually provide a three-year warranty on office equipment.  Chisinau companies like Babilon, Riscom Computers and Sigma sell their own brands of computers, but usually provide a shorter warranty period and a somewhat lower price.

 

A Dell OptiPlex Gx 60 with an Intel Celeron 2.4 GHz processor and a three-year warranty costs USD 810, monitor not included.  A Dell Optiplex GX 280 Pentium 4 2.8 GHz may cost as high as USD 1,399, monitor not included.  An IBM Think Center A series computer with Pentium 4 2.6 Hz has an estimated selling price of USD 900.  A similar locally assembled computer may cost USD 100 less.

 

An HP Laser Jet 1300 may be bought in Chisinau at USD 430 from official dealers.  The least expensive HP color ink jet printer is quoted at USD 100.  Other brands, such as Canon, Samsung, Brother, Lexmark, Okipage and Epson are also available for sale in Chisinau.

 

Canon, Sharp, Panasonic and Brother telephone/faxes can also be bought in Chisinau.  One fax machine may cost in the range of USD 175 – 275.  Copiers are available from Rank Xerox, Canon and Kyocera Mita dealers.

 

Below is a list of companies and their brands in brackets:

 

ACCENT ELECTRONIC S.A.  (IBM, Hewlett Packard printers)

1 Toma Ciorba Str., office 316

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel.:(373 22) 23 45 69

Fax: (373 22) 23 74 06

Email: main@accent.md

www.accent.md

 

Aproservice-X (Xerox)

Str. Vasile Alecsandri 54/1

Chisinau MD-2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 27 09 92/ 27 08 92

Fax (373 22) 27 08 45

E-mail: info@xerox.md

www.xerox.md

 

DAAC SISTEM (Dell)

Calea Iesilor 10

Chisinau MD-2069, MoldovaTel.: (373 22) 71 97 69/74 85 79

Fax: (373 22) 71 97 74

E-mail: daac@daac.md

www.daac-sistem.com

 

FORS Computers (HP, OKI, APC, Cisco Systems, Nortel)

Str. Sfatul Tarii 18

Chisinau MD-2012, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 47 48

Fax (373 22) 23 27 42

E-mail: office@fors.md

www.fors.md

 

MASTER (IBM, XEROX)

Str. Muncesti 29

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 54 51 18

Fax (373 22) 54 46 22

E-mail: vnast@master.md

www.master.md

 

Mochiro (Kyocera Mita)

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 3

Chisinau MD-2001, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 50 08 60

Fax (373 22) 50 08 58

E-mail: info@kyoceramita.md

www.kyoceramita.md

 

RISCOM Computers (own brand RISCOM)

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 196

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 22 88 89

Fax (373 22) 23 88 89

E-mail: sales@riscom.com

www.riscom.com

 

S & T Mold (HP, IBM, Microsoft, Sun Microsystems)

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 202

Chisinau MD-2050, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 74 22 65

Fax (373 22) 74 15 94

E-mail: all@snt.md

www.snt.md

 

SIGMA (own brand Argon PC)

Str. Alecu Russo 1, office 311

Chisinau MD-2068, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 43 84 94

Fax: (373 22) 40 48 53

E-mail: tech@sigma.srl.md

www.sigma.srl.md

 

STRONGHOLD (Minolta, own brand of computers)

Str. Vasile Alecsandri 97

Chisinau MD-2012, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 21 11 78/21 11 79

Fax: (373 22)  22 43 20

Email: support@stronghold.md

www.stronghold.md

 

TOP S.R.L.  (Sharp, Kyocera Mita)

Bul. Renasterii 36

Chisinau MD-2024, Moldova

Tel.:(373 22) 45 00 10/45 00 11

Fax:(373 22) 45 00 12

Email: sale@top-copy.com

www.top-copy.com

 

Vota

Str. Pushkin 44

Chisinau MD 2005, Moldova

Tel.:(373 22) 22 26 19

Fax:(373 22) 24 52 96

Email: vota@vota.md

www.vota.md

 

 

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Ø      Furniture

There are several furniture factories in Moldova producing a wide range of mostly wood furniture.  Their main specialization is home and kitchen furniture, but some also manufacture office furniture.  Designs have improved a lot over the past years.  Foreign-made office furniture is also available.  Most of it comes from Italy, Czech Republic and Poland.  There are shops in Chisinau that use imported raw materials and Western designs to custom-build furniture.  Even though similar in appearance to Western-made furniture, these usually have a lower price and often considered to be of a lower quality, which may not necessarily be the case.  Most companies have a flexible approach to designing office furniture to meet companies’ needs.  Depending on product and company, the warranty period for furniture items ranges from none to 15 years for high-end products.  High-end furniture is available from Steelcase representatives.

 

As of November 1, 2004, furniture prices fall in the following approximate price ranges: chairs USD 16-110; leather armchairs USD 118-560; desks USD 40-300; bookshelves USD 48-220; and filing cabinets USD 250-630.

 

Contact information for office furniture companies:

 

Acvilin Group

Str. Zimbrului 10-A

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 44 99 41

E-mail: acvilin@moldovacc.md

acvilin.com.md

 

Almira

Str. Hancesti 61

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 72 73 78

Fax (373 22) 72 16 47

E-mail: almira@mdl.net

www.almira.md

 

Anturaj-Office

Str. Alba Iulia 75

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 75 35 24

Fax: (373 22) 74 59 00

E-mail: anturajoffice@yahoo.com

 

Austral Office Supplies (filing cabinets and office supplies)

Str. Lazo 17

Chisinau MD 2004, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 23 56 21

Fax (373 22) 23 47 67

E-mail: sales@austral.md

www.austral.md

 

Birovits (filing cabinets and office supplies)

Str. Anton Pann 1A

Chisinau MD 2005, Moldova

Tel. (373 22) 29 43 94/29 26 50

Fax (373 22) 29 43 93

e-mail: birovits@mtc.md

 

CASA Magica

Bul. Traian 10

Chisinau MD 2043, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 53 02 80

Fax: (373 22) 76 99 67

e-mail:casamagica@moldovacc.md

 

CONTINENT

Str. Arborilor 17/1 Chisinau MD 2001, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 73 97 66/73 95 35

Fax: (373 22) 73 95 24

E-mail: continent@meganet.md

www.continent.md

 

EVELIN DI COSTACURTA

Str. Mitropolit Dosoftei 56

Chisinau MD 2012, Moldova

Tel: (373 22) 75 18 36

Fax (373 22) 75 08 42

Email:evelin@costacurta.moldline.net

 

Miscare

Str. Burebista 5/1

Chisinau, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 78 50 26/78 52 23

Fax: (373 22) 50 71 18

E-mail: miscare@dnt.md

www.miscare.com

 

PERFETTO-MOBILI

Bul. Stefan cel Mare 169

Chisinau MD-2004, Moldova

Tel.: (373 22) 24 47 10

Fax: (373 22) 24 47 51

Email: perfetto@mdl.net

 

STEELCASE

Str. Zelinski 22, ap.13

Chisinau MD-2038, Moldova

tel./fax (373 22) 55 37 52

E-mail: office_solutions@mog.moldline.net

Representative Oleg Mardari

 

 

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